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Is Demography a threat to Peace and Security in the Sahel?

Is Demography a threat to Peace and Security in the Sahel?

Publication

The increase in various forms of violent conflicts across sub-Saharan Africa has led scholars and policy makers to raise questions about the correlations between demography, peace and security. In regions such as the Sahel, peace and development have in recent years been threatened by increasing internal and cross-borders security challenges including armed conflicts, extreme terrorist attacks (by jihadist groups such as Boko Haram, Al Qaeda, or IS- affiliated groups, and the separatist Tuareg rebel) and organized
crime. Precisely, the region has observed a devastating surge in terrorist attacks, with its so-called Sahel countries like Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso witnessing terrorist-related casualties increasing five-fold since 2016 (UN News, 2020). The situation is further exacerbated by environmental degradation, poor governance, and massive influx of migrants from other sub-Saharan African states.

Full review

Understanding the Sahel through its History, Geography and Socio-Demographic and Security Challenges

Situation Report

“The contemporary world has undergone a number of upheavals, perhaps the most significant of which are those relating to population. These upheavals, although a priori falling within the field of demography, have transcended this discipline by questioning the paradigms of economists, political scientists, sociologists and beyond”. So begins a study by the École Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Économique [National School of Statistics and Economic A – ENSAE].

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Niger: Monographic Study on Demography, Peace, And Security in The Sahel

Situation Report

Administratively, Niger is subdivided into 8 regions, 63 departments and 266 communes and covers an area of 1,267,000 km2 with four ecological zones from south to north: the Sudanian tree-covered savannah zone, the Sahelian zone, the Sahelo-Saharan zone and the desert zone (two thirds of the country). It is bordered to the north by Algeria and Libya, to the east by Chad, to the south by Nigeria and Benin, to the west by Burkina Faso and to the north-west by Mali. Niger is thus landlocked and has no outlet to the sea. The closest port to its capital city is almost 1,000 km away.

Full review

Burkina Faso: Monographic Study on Demography, Peace, And Security in The Sahel

Situation Report

UNFPA WCARO commissioned a monograph on “Demography, Peace and Security” in Burkina Faso to inform debates on the relationship between demography, peace and national security. It is important to note that while the direct causes of the majority of these crises should be explored in unemployment and poverty, the scarcity of resources, the scale of social inequalities and poor governance, demographic factors must be taken into account urgently and such factors are being increasingly referred to in the literature,
which has sufficiently established that there is an (as yet unquantified) interrelationship between demography, peace and security.

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Modelling the relationship between DEMOGRAPHY, PEACE AND SECURITY

Technical Reports and Document

In this work, we present a multidimensional analysis of peace and security and its determinants (military expenditure, schooling for young people, demographic dependency, etc.). We then analyse the sociodemographic factors that foster insecurity in the Sahel. Lastly, we determine the explanatory factors behind the level of peace and security in Africa, taking spatial correlation into account. The results show that the level of peace and security is positively correlated with the secondary school enrolment rate, the urbanization rate and the agricultural performance of a country. Furthermore, the level of peace and security is negatively correlated with the demographic dependency ratio, the level of economic inequality and the unemployment rate among young people.

Full review

Youth, Peace and Security Challenges in The Sahel

Technical Reports and Document

A Demographic, Threat?

Youth, Peace and Security Challenges in The Sahel

Full review

Gender-based violence Girls’ and women’s rights In the central sahel

Fact Sheet

Gender Based Violence (GBV) is a critical health, protection, power, and life-threatening issue in the Sahel. Conflict and displacement are driving escalating levels of sexual violence, intimate partner violence, child marriage, exploitation and abuse towards girls and women in the Sahel.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 9

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 9

Fact Sheet

The West and Central Africa region is not experiencing a second wave of COVID-19 as seen on other continents. The WCA region has recorded a steady decrease of cases over the last two weeks.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 8

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 8

Situation Report

The total number of COVID-19 positive cases has reached over 232,854 in all 23 countries in West and Central Africa, after Nigeria reported the first case earlier in the year. By the end of September 2020, there were 3,603 deaths, with a mortality rate of about 1.6%. A little over 22.000 (9.6%) patients were still under treatment, while 88.9% had recovered.

Full review

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 7

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 7

Situation Report

The total number of COVID-19 positive cases has reached over 216,970 in all 23 countries in West and Central Africa, four months after the first case was reported in Nigeria. By the end of August, there were 3,388 deaths, a mortality rate of about 1.6%. About 15.2% of patients were still under treatment, while 84.2% had recovered.

Full review

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