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Burkina Faso: Monographic Study on Demography, Peace, And Security in The Sahel

Situation Report

UNFPA WCARO commissioned a monograph on “Demography, Peace and Security” in Burkina Faso to inform debates on the relationship between demography, peace and national security. It is important to note that while the direct causes of the majority of these crises should be explored in unemployment and poverty, the scarcity of resources, the scale of social inequalities and poor governance, demographic factors must be taken into account urgently and such factors are being increasingly referred to in the literature,
which has sufficiently established that there is an (as yet unquantified) interrelationship between demography, peace and security.

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Modelling the relationship between DEMOGRAPHY, PEACE AND SECURITY

Technical Reports and Document

In this work, we present a multidimensional analysis of peace and security and its determinants (military expenditure, schooling for young people, demographic dependency, etc.). We then analyse the sociodemographic factors that foster insecurity in the Sahel. Lastly, we determine the explanatory factors behind the level of peace and security in Africa, taking spatial correlation into account. The results show that the level of peace and security is positively correlated with the secondary school enrolment rate, the urbanization rate and the agricultural performance of a country. Furthermore, the level of peace and security is negatively correlated with the demographic dependency ratio, the level of economic inequality and the unemployment rate among young people.

Full review

Gender-based violence Girls’ and women’s rights In the central sahel

Fact Sheet

Gender Based Violence (GBV) is a critical health, protection, power, and life-threatening issue in the Sahel. Conflict and displacement are driving escalating levels of sexual violence, intimate partner violence, child marriage, exploitation and abuse towards girls and women in the Sahel.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 9

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 9

Fact Sheet

The West and Central Africa region is not experiencing a second wave of COVID-19 as seen on other continents. The WCA region has recorded a steady decrease of cases over the last two weeks.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 8

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 8

Situation Report

The total number of COVID-19 positive cases has reached over 232,854 in all 23 countries in West and Central Africa, after Nigeria reported the first case earlier in the year. By the end of September 2020, there were 3,603 deaths, with a mortality rate of about 1.6%. A little over 22.000 (9.6%) patients were still under treatment, while 88.9% had recovered.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 7

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 7

Situation Report

The total number of COVID-19 positive cases has reached over 216,970 in all 23 countries in West and Central Africa, four months after the first case was reported in Nigeria. By the end of August, there were 3,388 deaths, a mortality rate of about 1.6%. About 15.2% of patients were still under treatment, while 84.2% had recovered.

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West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 6

West and Central Africa Region COVID-19 Situation Report No. 6

Situation Report

The total number of COVID-19 positive cases have reached over 177,800 in all 23 countries in West and Central Africa, four months after Nigeria reported the first case. By the end of July, there were nearly 2,845 deaths, a mortality rate of about 1.6 per cent. About 28.4% of patients were still under treatment, while 70% had recovered.

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Perspectives for a resilient central #Sahel

Publication

A pessimist outcome is not inevitable in the Sahel. It is always possible to overcome even the most complex crises and situations. Since ‑‑, the Sahel has been plagued by multifaceted crises that have plunged its people into situations of distress. In the face of this emergency, states and civil society organisations are in a race against time. To change the situation and give the region lasting momentum, studies and research papers recommend that decision makers act on the structural factors that sustain fragility in the Sahel. These includethe central mechanisms linking demography, security and peace.

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WCARO COVID-19 SitRep #5

Technical Reports and Document

The UNFPA response in the region aligns with the 2030 Agenda, WHO global strategic preparedness and response
plan, UN-coordinated global humanitarian response plan, the UN framework for socio-economic response to
COVID-19, and the UNFPA COVID-19 global response plan.

UNFPA chaired its last weekly meeting of the Regional UN Sustainable Development Group for West and Central
Africa. The UN Human Rights Office now chairs the weekly meetings of the Regional Directors Group aimed at
coordinating UN response to the pandemic. The health, humanitarian and socio-economic challenges, brought about
by the pandemic, require solidarity for a global response.

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Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Adolescent Health During Pandemics Lessons Learned for Practical Guidance

Technical Reports and Document

The United Nations Population Fund for West and Central Africa Regional Office (UNFPA WCARO) commissioned a review of responses to major epidemics.  The study examined major epidemics since 2003,  including SARS-CoV, HIV/AIDS, Ebola, Zika and MERS-CoV. Often, responses to such outbreaks have hurt maternal, reproductive and child health services. Recognising the extent to which epidemics affect women, children, and other vulnerable populations are crucial if nations are to create effective and fair responses.

UNFPA Supplies and the French Muskoka Fund supported the review process and this report.

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